**Year 3 **

During the Spring term, children will look at multiplication and division, using formal written methods, including the bus stop and grid method. Children will learn to divide with the remainder using their knowledge of dividing using pictorial representations and concrete resources.

Children will revisit number by looking at fractions, understanding the numerator and denominator of unit and non-unit fractions, compare and order unit fractions, counting fractions on a number line and finding equivalent fractions.

Children will then move onto measuring length and perimeter; measuring in millimetres, metres and centimetres, comparing lengths, adding and subtracting lengths. Children will look at understanding what the perimeter is, measure and calculate the perimeter. Children will use rulers and metre sticks to support this learning. Children will also practice adding and subtracting amounts which they have previously learnt, recapping their prior knowledge.

To continue developing children's measurement skills, children will begin using scales, measuring in grams and kilograms, comparing mass, adding and subtracting mass. Children will then measure the capacity and volume in millilitres and litres, then compare the capacity and volume. Also, children will find equivalent capacities and volumes using litres and millilitres. Children will use measuring jugs and cylinders.

**Year 4**

During the Spring term, children will be looking at length and perimeter; measuring in kilometres and metres, looking at equivalent lengths and finding the perimeter on a grid, polygons and rectilinear shapes. Children will continue to practice addition throughout this unit as they will need to add up the lengths to calculate the perimeter. They will also look at subtraction as they will be finding the missing lengths.

Children will then revisit number by looking at fractions where they will understand the whole, compare and order mixed numbers, convert mixed numbers to improper fractions and vice versa, as well as equivalent fractions on a number line. Children will then add and subtract two fractions as well as from whole amounts and mixed numbers.

Year 4 will then continue with the focus of number as they will move onto decimals where they will look at tenths as fractions, tenths as decimals and look at these on a place value chart and on a number line. Children will also recap their prior knowledge of dividing as they will be dividing a 1-digit number and a 2-digit number by 10. Children will then further develop their learning by looking at hundredths as fractions and decimals.

**Year 5**

Year 5 will be revisiting numbers by looking at fractions. Children will be looking at multiplying a unit, non-unit and mixed number fraction by an integer. Children will then find fractions of an amount, find the whole and use fractions as operators.

Children will then move onto decimals and percentages. Children will make decimal numbers using place value counters on a place value chart and read and write the numbers, as well as working out the value of each digit in the number. Children will then move onto equivalent fractions and decimals (tenths) within 1, before extending this to numbers greater than 1. They will then look at equivalent fractions and decimals (hundredths). Children will then look at thousandths as fractions and decimals before moving onto comparing decimals and rounding to the nearest whole number and to 1 decimal place. Children will then look at understanding percentages, percentages, such as fractions and decimals. The last piece in this unit, pupils will explore equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages.

Year 5 will then move onto a perimeter and area where they will be calculating the perimeter of rectangles, rectilinear shapes and polygons. Children will then calculate the area of rectangles, compound shapes and develop their skills in addition and multiplication.

__Year 6__

In Year 6, children will be looking at fractions, decimals and percentages, where they will look at more complex equivalents of decimals and fractions. Children will look at methods for finding more complex equivalents by finding a common denominator. Children will then build on their learning by looking at fractions as divisions, which will support their learning of converting between fractions and decimals. Children will then be converting fractions to percentages using their prior knowledge from the Year 5 curriculum.

Children will then move onto to identifying equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages. They will use a hundred square, bar models and number lines to help them recap, but then move onto more abstract methods to convert fractions, decimals and percentages. Children will then move onto ordering fractions, decimals and percentages, where they will use their conversion skills from recent steps to order and compare fractions, decimals and percentages.

Children will then look at percentages of an amount (one step). Children will find percentages of amounts that can be completed in one step, for example, finding 1%, 10%, 20%, 25% and 50% by dividing by 100, 10, 5, 4 and 2 respectively. Using bar models to represent this allows children to see the links to finding fractions of amounts. They explore different strategies for dividing by these amounts, looking for the most efficient method for the calculation, including moving the digits when dividing by 10 and 100, halving and halving again for dividing by 4, as well as the formal written division method.

Children will then build on the learning of the previous step by finding percentages of amounts that require more than one step. Using knowledge of how to find 1%, 10%, 20%, 25%, 50%, children find multiples of these amounts. For example, to find 75% they can find 25% and multiply it by 3; to find 60% they can find 10% and multiply it by 6. They then move on to more complex percentages. Children will then move onto percentages with missing values, discussing ways to solve this by identifying that the whole is 100%.